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Designer drugs are drugs produced by underground “chemists.” These drugs are not specifically targeted by the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) as controlled substances. Designer drugs are merely current drugs which have had their molecular structure changed to create a new drug. (Source: About.com)

Current Designer Drugs

Ecstasy (MDMA-methylenediozymethamphetamine)

  • AKA: Adam, x-TC, Clarity, Essence, Stacy, Lover’s Speed, Eve
  • A stimulant similar to speed, which has hallucinogenic properties.
  • One of the most commonly used designer drugs.
  • An illegal, Schedule 1 Controlled Substance.
  • Commonly found in pill, capsule, or powder form and is ingested orally
  • When formulated incorrectly, the result can be PMA (paramethanmphetamine), which has caused death

Potential Mental Effects

  • A high can last from 6 to 24 hours (average is 3-4)
  • Taken in moderate doses, feelings of euphoria, well-being, mental and emotional clarity, anxiety, or paranoia may result
  • Higher doses may result in hallucinations, feelings of lightness or floating, depression, paranoia, and violent, irrational behavior

Potential Physical Effects

  • Decreased appetite
  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Blurred vision
  • Raised heart rate and blood pressure
  • Convulsions/loss of control of voluntary body movement
  • DEATH
  • Reactions may last from 1 to 14 days

Herbal Ecstasy

  • AKA: Cloud 9, Herbal Bliss, Ritual Spirit, Herbal X, GWM, Rave Energy, Ultimate
    Xphoria and X
  • Not currently controlled or monitored by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration)
  • More than 800 reports made of reactions including: increased blood pressure, seizures, heart attacks, strokes, and death

GHB (gamma-hydroxybutyrate)

  • AKA: Grievous Bodily Harm, Easy Lay, Gook, Gamma 10, Liquid X, Liquid E, Liquid G, Georgia
    Home Boy, Soap, Scoop, Salty Water, Somtomax, G-riffick, Cherry Meth, Fantasy, Organic Quaalude, Nature’s Quaalude, Zonked.
  • Depressant resulting in feelings of sedation
  • Found in pill form or powder form which can be dissolved in liquids

Possible Mental Effects

  • Feelings of sedation
  • Depression
  • Delusions
  • Vertigo
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Amnesia
  • Coma
  • Effects last 1-3 hours

Possible Physical Effects

  • Nausea/Vomiting
  • Visual disturbances
  • Seizures
  • Respiratory distress
  • DEATH

Ketamine (ketamine hydrochloride)

  • AKA: Special K, Vitamin K, New Ecstasy, Psychedelic Heroin, Ketalar, Ketaject, Super-K
    (also known as CK when combined with cocaine)
  • Primary medical use is for veterinary medicine and is not intended for human use

Possible Mental Effects

  • Hallucinations
  • Visual distortions
  • Loss of senses, time, and identity (effects may last from 30 minutes to 2 hours)
  • Delirium
  • Amnesia
  • Depression
  • Repeated flashbacks

Possible Physical Effects

  • Disturbed motor functioning
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Possibly fatal respiratory problems
  • “K-Land” refers to hallucinations and visual distortions (like those from use of PCP)
  • “K-Hole” refers to an out of body or near death experience by ingesting a larger dose

LSD (lysergic acid diethylamid)

  • AKA: Microdot, White Lightning, Blue Heaven, Windowpane, Sugar Cubes (also referred to as acid or a hit)
  • LSD is classified as a Schedule 1 Controlled Substance and is illegal
  • Can be found in the following forms: pills, capsules, liquid, gelatin, or on paper which is licked

Possible Mental Effects

  • “Wildly” unpredictable with risk of a “bad trip”
  • Bad trips include: fear of insanity, frightening thoughts or feelings, fear of losing control, fear of death, and later flashbacks

Possible Physical Effects

  • Dilated pupils
  • Raised body temperature
  • Raised heart rate and blood pressure
  • Reduced appetite
  • Insomnia
  • Dry mouth
  • Tremors
  • Increased sweating

Potential Long Term Effects

  • Possible long-term psychological problems of schizophrenia and depression have been reported

Methylamphetamine (meth)

  • ‘Meth’, crystal meth, ice, Tina, or glass.
  • A highly addictive stimulant.
  • Usually crystal meth is smoked in glass pipes, similar to how crack cocaine is used.
  • It may be injected (either dry or dissolved in water), snorted, swallowed, or inserted into the anus or urethra.
  • Some people take meth because of the long-lasting high that it gives.
  • Methamphetamine is popular as a stimulant.

OxyContin

  • AKA: Oxy, OC
  • Produces a heroin-like high
  • Can be ingested through chewing, snorting, or injection

 

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